How Long Can TRICHOMONIASIS be Dormant in a WOMAN?

What is Trichomoniasis?

Trichomoniasis or Trich is one of the commonest sexually transmitted diseases (STD) in the world. A protozoa parasite called Trichomonas Vaginalis causes this disease. Trich is neglected by the victims as they don’t see any symptoms of its spreading. 

What is STI and STD?

Ans: STI stands for Sexually Transmitted Infections and STD stands for Sexually Transmitted Diseases.

What is the difference between STI and STD?

Ans: There is no practical difference between STI and STD. STI indicates that one has developed an infectious condition in his body whereas the STD means that a victim has reached a state of certain ailment or disease due to unprotected sexual intercourses.

can trichomoniasis be misdiagnosed

Trichomoniasis Statistics

Prevalence of Trichomoniasis

Trichomoniasis is considered to be the commonest sexually transmitted infections in the world. WHO (World Health Organization) reported in 2008 that there were nearly 300 million cases of trich out of which about 200 million victims aging from 14 to 49 got infected.

The consequences of STIs are particularly severe for young women. In fact, undiagnosed STIs cause 24,000 women to become infertile each year.

In the United States alone,

  • More than 3.7 million people are affected by trichomonas vaginalis parasite.
  • Over 1.1 million new cases of T. vaginalis are reported every year.
  • Overall, 3% of the total population are believed to carry the T. vaginalis parasite.

[Trichomoniasis: The “Neglected” Sexually Transmitted Disease]

The same statistical data reveals that:

Incarcerated men and women fall victim to T. vaginalis infection. A TV (Trichomonas Vaginalis) Screening report on the jailed inmates in 2010 concluded a 2.1% of the men and up to 32% of the women being infected with T. vaginalis parasite. The report showed that aged women were more vulnerable to TV infection. [Prevalence and correlates of Trichomonas vaginalis among incarcerated persons assessed using a highly sensitive molecular assay.]

STD clinics are responsible behind Trichomoniasis occurrence. Nearly 17% of the patients at these clinics were found to had been infected by T. vaginalis parasite.

T. vaginalis parasite can be prevalent among the HIV-positive and HIV-negative women. A study in 2002 had found a 9.4%-29.5% of TV prevalence among HIV-positive women whereas a 8.2%-23.4% among HIV-negatives. Note that carrying HIV cannot be posed as a significant reason for TV infection, its persistence, and recurrence.

Studies on homosexual men have found low prevalence rate of T. vaginalis parasite.

In the same year, the United States encountered over 110 million STIs prevalence among men and women. About 20% of the cases reported victims aging from 15 to 24 years. STIs uncontrolled spreading is still an alarming issue in the US.

If you’ve been diagnosed with an STD, you may be able to get treatment for your partner, too.
For an accessible version go to: https://www.cdc.gov/std/products/infographics/images/ept-infographic-508_2016.10.06.pdf

Symptoms Rate

Trichomoniasis victims see very little symptoms of their infections. Due to being asymptomatic, most people carrying this infection overlook the matter. According to a study, nearly 67% of the patients did not report any symptoms of trichomonas infection.

How Does It Spread?

Trichomoniasis is spread by sexual intercourse between men and women. Usually, an infected person transmits the infection to the uninfected one. The infected vagina of a woman may transmit the parasite into the man’s penis and vice versa.

The coronal section of female reproductive anatomy

There is possibly no other way or organ by which the parasite can be transmitted. Only the lower genital part is mostly reported to be infested by the trichomonas parasite. However, according to Women’s Health under the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, trichomonas parasite can spread if couples are used to have anal and oral intercourses.

Young people account for a substantial proportion of new STIs. Americans ages 15 to 24 account for 70% of the 820,000 gonorrhea infections among all ages; 63% of the 2.9 million chlamydia infections among all ages; 49% of the 14.1 million HPV infections among all ages; 45% of the 776,000 genital herpes infections among all ages; and 20% of the 55,400 syphilis infections among all ages. Finally, Americans ages 13 to 24 account for 26% of the 47,500 HIV infections among all ages.

In Women, Trichomoniasis Can Cause

In women, Trichomoniasis may:

  • Cause pre-term delivery; before 37 weeks
  • Cause low-weight child birth, below 5.5 lbs
  • Lead to HIV
  • Cause urinary infection
  • Lead to infertility
A range of unique factors place youth at risk for infection. Many young women don’t receive the chlamydia screening CDC recommends. Many youth are reluctant to disclose risk behaviors to doctors. Young women’s bodies are biologically more susceptible to sexually transmitted infections. Youth often lack insurance or transportation needed to access prevention services. And many young people have multiple partners which increases STI risk.

Can A Man Have Trichomoniasis And Test Negative?

Yes, there is a possibility that a man can contain trichomoniasis and still show negative in test. That’s why proper test and regular treatment is obligatory of the symptoms of trich are prevalent.

Trichomoniasis in men pictures

In Men, Trichomoniasis Can Cause

Though in lower rate in men than women, trichomoniasis can cause dire conditions in men. Trich may:

  • Cause urethritis or swelling of urethra
  • Lead to chronic UTIs or Urinary Tract Infections
  • Lead to chronic bladder infections
  • Cause Prostatitis or swelling of the prostate gland
  • Lead to Prostate cancer
  • Lead to infertility
  • Cause Orchitis or swelling of one or both testicles
  • Cause Epididymitis or swelling of sperm tube

[stdcheck.com]

Symptoms of Trichomoniasis

Most victims of trichomoniasis go asymptomatic for years. Yet, there may be some common signs like:

  • Irritation and inflammation during urinating in men.
  • Burning in the penis during ejaculation.
  • Frothy vaginal discharge in women of yellowish green color with odor. 
  • Vaginal spotting.
  • Vaginal bleeding.
  • Genital itching.
  • Increased frequency of urinating.

Trichomoniasis Infection

Trichomoniasis infection is caused by the parasite called trichomonas vaginalis. It spreads in the urethral location of a person i.e. vagina, vulva, cervix, etc. Trich patients are mostly asymptomatic and require close attention by the doctor for recovery.

Trich treatment

Free Trichomoniasis Test

Trichomoniasis Urine Test

In trichomoniasis treatment, the least invasive testing can be done on one’s urine. The first catch or the first void of urine, which may amount to 20-30ml, is sampled for trich testing. [stdcheck.com]

The one tested, is given by the lab attendant a cleansing pad to clean the tip of a man’s penis or a woman’s labia from front to back. This is done for catching a clean sample from the urine.

How Do You Get Tested for Trichomoniasis?

A few test practices for trichomoniasis are:

  • Microscopic test of women’s vaginal discharge.
  • Pap test.
  • Urine test.

Can You Get Trichomoniasis without being Sexually Active?

Thin chances are there but yes, you can get trichomoniasis not being in a sexual intercourse. The trichomonas vaginalis can spread through various actions such as kissing, oral sex, sharing beauty tools, or getting blood transfusion. Also, objects contaminated with this protozoa can pass over the infection to the user.

Can 1 Partner Have Trichomoniasis and Not The Other?

The chance is very thin for any one partner to escape the trichomoniasis if they get into a sexual intercourse. Even oral sex has high possibility of transmitting the parasite from one partner to the other.

Candidiasis Is Caused By

Candidiasis or yeast infection in women can be caused by the imbalance of bacteria and yeast cells in vagina. Yeast cells multiply due to this infection and cause intense itching, irritation, and swelling.

Myths about Trichomoniasis

People have some misconceptions about trichomoniasis as below:

  • It can transmit from toilet seat.
  • One is safe from STD like trich if had sex for the first time.
  • Dirty people are only prone to have trich.
  • Anal or oral sex is safe from parasitic infection.
  • Condoms can totally save from trichomoniasis.
  • Homosexual people are only prone to trichomoniasis.
  • Trich is less harmful and can go away on their own.

How Is Trichomoniasis Treated

If the trichomoniasis is diagnosed positive, then both the victim and his/her partner should receive the treatment.

The proper treatment goes like this:

  • Swallowing a mega dose of metronidazole or tinidazole. Lower dose may be prescribed by the doctor based on the patient’s condition.
  • Avoid sexual intercourse until the infection is totally cured.
  • Avoid alcohol for the next 24 hours in case of metronidazole and 72 hours in case of tinidazole.
  • After cure, there may be retest within three months to see if the infection recurred.

Is Trichomoniasis Treatable?

Ans: Nowadays, trichomoniasis is treatable by antibiotics.

Can Trichomoniasis Cause Infertility?

Ans: Yes, both men and women are prone to infertility due to having trichomoniasis.

Trichomoniasis Vs Chlamydia

Ans: Trichomoniasis is caused by parasitic infection whereas the chlamydia is caused by bacterial infection.

Lgv Symptoms

LGV or Lymphogranulo Venereum shows the below symptoms:

  • Rectum inflammation, pus, bleeding, constipation, or ulcer.
  • Apparent sore in the bacterial attack place.
  • Swelling of groin, armpit, or nect.
  • Fever and cramp.

STD prevention, including:

  • condoms
  • internal condom (female condom)
  • dental dams
  • HPV vaccine (Gardasil)
  • hepatitis B vaccine
  • STD and safer sex education
  • HPV and hepatitis vaccines education

FAQ

Can A Woman Get Trichomoniasis On Her Own?

No. Since trichomoniasis belongs to the STD or STI class, there is very little chance that a woman can get it on her own. However, contaminated substances or objects such as towel, handkerchief, paper, etc. used by an infected person can pass the parasite to someone who uses it unknowingly. 

Can Trichomoniasis Be Misdiagnosed?

Trichomoniasis can be misdiagnosed if done only based on its unclear symptoms. Proper lab tests are necessary to detect the trich state in a person’s urethra.

Can Trichomoniasis Be Contacted Non Sexually

There is a little chance of trichomoniasis to be contacted without sexual intercourses but contaminated objects used by infected persons can transmit the parasite to others such as foods, towel, dress, or other daily necessary things. Oral sex, kissing, or blood transfusion can possibly cause trichomoniasis.

Can You Get Trichomoniasis Without Cheating?

The actual reason behind trichomoniasis is getting transmitted the trichomonas vaginalis through sexual intercourse with an infected partner. So, either a person is enjoying his or her sexual life with the rightful partner or not, it depends on the partner’s semen or vaginal fluid’s health. Nevertheless, it is risky to carry out a sex life where you are exposed to several partners as you never know what your partners carry in their urethra.  

How Long Trichomoniasis Can Live In A Body?

A trichomonas vaginalis stays in the urethral area of a person for indefinite times. In some cases, it may live for years in the body if left untreated.

Conclusion

Trichomoniasis is a common yet neglected STD around the globe. In the U.S., it has become alarming as more adults are getting involved in unprotected and unnatural sexual activities nowadays.

Most people are unaware of the hygiene facts necessary to follow during sexual intercourses. Lack of education from parents as well as from schools play a big contributory part behind the prevalence of such STDs and STIs. Proper measure should be taken for prevention of this infection and victims must follow the prescriptions by the doctor for curing completely.

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